Russian experts assessed reports of a significant outflow of migrants from the country against the backdrop of sanctions. RIA Novosti writes about how the situation with labor migrants is now developing and how it can affect the economy.
Commenting on the Vedomosti article about migrants leaving for their homeland en masse, the agency notes that the budget of such states as Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan largely depends on citizens working abroad. In particular, remittances from Russia in these countries account for 35.30 and 10 percent of GDP.
Telling reporters about the situation in the transport sector, Andrei Popkov, Chairman of the Coordinating Council of the Interregional Trade Union of Public Transport Workers, noted that the situation with taxi drivers is not easy: the cost of cars, fuel, and spare parts has jumped. “If no action is taken, the taxi market will collapse and drivers will work for food. Also “Yandex” became a monopolist. Where is the FAS looking? he asked.
The agency points out that after the departure of such aggregators as Gett from Russia, there are virtually no alternatives to Yandex.Go. As a result, the service writes off 18-24 percent from each order in its favor. Assessing the situation, Irina Zaripova, chairman of the Public Council for the Development of Taxi, said that a slight increase in the commission is now being recorded. “Cars and their maintenance, OSAGO insurance have risen in price,” she explained, emphasizing that the number of migrants among taxi drivers has not changed, but this is quite likely, since in the summer some drivers go to construction and other industries.
Analyzing the situation in the construction sector, Alexander Moor, head of the All-Russian Center for National Construction Policy, said that at the moment there is no shortage of workers. “In our country, labor migration has nothing to do with Europe or America, citizens of those countries from where they came from, how they worked, and work,” he added, pointing out that business is responding to what is happening and redistributing labor flows.
At the same time, the synergy intersectoral association of self-regulators, citing a survey, clarified that out of a thousand companies that took part in the study, 40 reported a construction freeze, and another 29 notified the suspension of investments in new projects due to intentions to complete work on old ones. These decisions are attributed to the inability to receive the ordered building materials, as well as to the increase in their cost in general.
Drawing attention to this phenomenon, Moor objected that there were no grounds for raising prices. Such “attempts to escalate the situation”, in his opinion, should be suppressed by the authorities. At the same time, the agency’s interlocutor admitted that the COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with sanctions, forced the market to suspend a number of projects and engage in high-readiness facilities, and this is not at all a lack of migrants. Moore believes that business was waiting for the Central Bank to lower the rate. According to his forecast, new projects will begin to appear soon after the end of the “shock therapy”.
The Federation of Migrants of Russia did not notice a mass outflow of guest workers coming to the country. The president of the organization, Vadim Kozhenov, noted that there are no “any significant trends and there are no close ones.”
A similar opinion was shared in the Trade Union of Migrant Workers – according to representatives of the organization, those who come to work in Russia from neighboring countries actually have no alternative, since prices in all CIS countries jumped after the ruble, while there was no increase in work. Experts express concern that against the background of the current situation, migrants may be tempted to “go into the shadows” and begin to evade legalization, since, according to current practice, they are required to pay five thousand rubles a month for a patent, as well as undergo a paid medical examination every three months .